A biography of louis fourteenth of france the sun king
Colbert and the king shared the idea of glorifying the monarch and monarchy through the arts. The aging ruler was almost immediately drawn into the disastrous War of the Spanish Successionin which he defended his grandson Philip V's inheritance of Spain and its empire on the death of Charles II.
Louis xiv of france children
Anne wanted to give her son absolute authority and a victorious kingdom. The taille was reduced at first; financial officials were forced to keep regular accounts, auctioning certain taxes instead of selling them privately to a favored few, revising inventories and removing unauthorized exemptions for example, in only 10 per cent from the royal domain reached the King. With Fouquet dismissed, Colbert reduced the national debt through more efficient taxation. The intent this time was to take revenge against Dutch intervention in the previous war and to break Dutch trade. The pair was secretly married at Versailles in , never announcing the marriage to the public, though it was a matter of common knowledge. Even in his early years, Louis was charismatic, and he had an aptitude for languages and the arts. He would never forgive either Paris , the nobles, or the common people. Etiquette became a means of governing. The revocation and the new edict served to alienate Protestants, prompting many to leave France and seek religious freedom elsewhere. This unsatisfactory outcome led to the Franco-Dutch War The Cardinal depended totally on Anne's support and had to use all his influence on the Queen to avoid nullifying, but to restrain some of her radical actions. The Frondeurs claimed to act on Louis' behalf, and in his real interest against his mother and Mazarin. Louis lured them to his court, corrupted them with gambling, exhausted them with dissipation , and made their destinies dependent on their capacity to please him. He was raised from birth to believe that he was a gift from God, and it was his divine right to rule France as an absolute monarch.
He regarded himself as an absolute monarch, with his power coming directly from God. The marriage was a political arrangement intended to foster peace and unity between the neighboring countries.
Today, the public can tour the Palace of Versailles. A state is named in his honor. However, Louis first had to neutralize Nicolas Fouquetthe Superintendent of Financesin order to give Colbert a free hand.
Louis xiv of france spouse
Marie-Therese Cardinal Mazarin Period of Glory The early personal reign of Louis was highly successful in both internal and foreign affairs. While Mazarin might have been tempted for a short period of time to marry his niece to the King of France, Queen Anne was absolutely against this; she wanted to marry her son to the daughter of her brother, Philip IV of Spain , for both dynastic and political reasons. During the post period the once personal monarchy became increasingly bureaucratized. How old was Louis XIV when he acceded to the throne? Reflecting that belief, Louis XIV believed any disobedience to his edicts to be sinful, and he adopted the sun as his emblem since France revolved around him as the planets revolved around the sun. These trials shaped the future character, behaviour, and mode of thought of the young king. Thanks for watching!
While Mazarin might have been tempted for a short period of time to marry his niece to the King of France, Queen Anne was absolutely against this; she wanted to marry her son to the daughter of her brother, Philip IV of Spainfor both dynastic and political reasons.
Louis XIV. They helped to curb the independent spirit of the nobility, imposing order on them at court and in the army. By the Peace of Nijmegen he gained more territory in Flanders, and the formerly Spanish Franche-Comte was added to France's eastern frontier, now fortified by the great siege expert, Sebastien Le Prestre de Vauban.
From that time until his death, Mazarin was in charge of foreign and financial policy without the daily supervision of Anne, who was no longer regent. A diplomatic necessity more than anything else, the union produced six children, of whom only one, Louissurvived to adulthood.
He was responsible for moving the center of French government to the Palace of Versailles in
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