And the observed gender differences in aggression are almost certainly due, in part, to evolutionary factors. We define a representational profile as a set of discretely measureable attitudes and beliefs bound together by a system of meaning that is used by people to make sense of a particular social object, such as figures in world history [ 28 ].
In reality, culture exists as a historically evolved system comprising its objects, its symbolism, traditions, ideals, precepts, value orientations and, finally, its way of thought and life, the integrating force, the living soul of culture. It would be a great sacrilege to recognise such things as cultural realities, even when acknowledging the inevitability of their existence.
Give examples of some cultural differences in aggression. Flow could people in those far-off times know so much without any experiments or apparatus about the conditions and factors that regulate the course of the vital processes and the character of the interaction between man and nature, particularly the influence of the celestial bodies, the sun and moon and various radiations proceeding from outer space and the bowels of the earth!?
Medieval culture is a culture of religious spirituality and the mortification of the flesh in the name of this spirituality with its orientation on the heavenly kingdom as the highest ideal of earthly existence, to which all the spheres of the life of society are subordinate.
The Research Focus below describes one of these differences—variations in a social norm that condones and even encourages responding to insults with aggression, known as the culture of honor.
It may therefore be said that culture is a kind of prism, through which everything essential to us is refracted.