An analysis of the infamous trial at nuremberg
These proceedings included the Doctors Trial December 9, August 20,in which 23 defendants were accused of crimes against humanity, including medical experiments on prisoners of war.
And he is pleased to note that four victorious nations, who have not been unanimous on all post-war questions, have, by a miracle of administrative skill, united in a proceeding that is overcoming the obstacles of varied languages, professional habits, and legal traditions.
He also helped draft and apply laws that allowed for the racial persecution and, ultimately, murder of Jews and Poles, and granted immunity for their killers.
An analysis of the infamous trial at nuremberg
In addition to "war crimes," the indictment, in Count 4, charges the defendants with "crimes against humanity. Seiler was imprisoned and Katzenberger was executed. Commander Whitney Harris of the American Delegation. They differed from the first trial in that they were conducted before U. Kauffmann, counsel to Kaltenbrunner, and by Dr. Although the Katzenberger case was but one trial of one doomed Jew, it stood as a clear example of the rabid determination of the Third Reich to defame and destroy every Jew possible. However, these were trials conducted according to the laws of a single nation rather than, as in the case of the Nuremberg trials, a group of four powers France, Britain, the Soviet Union and the U. It was determined that civilian officials as well as military officers could be accused of war crimes. Let me examine the offenses that are called in Count 3 of the indictment "war crimes," in the strict sense. And, having regard to the manner by which all early criminal law evolves and the manner by which international law grows, it is claimed that now it is unlawful to wage an aggressive war and it is criminal to aid in preparing for such a war, whether by political, military, financial, or industrial means. Jan 04, - Schellenberg After Col. Later, details were leaked generating widespread condemnation by the nation's newspapers[ clarification needed ].
Basically, we cannot admit that military efficiency is the paramount consideration. Many people believe that the trial before the International Tribunal was the only proceeding brought against Nazi war criminals.
To be sure, most trials do and should incidentally educate the public. The British Prime MinisterWinston Churchillhad then advocated a policy of summary execution in some circumstances, with the use of an Act of Attainder to circumvent legal obstacles, being dissuaded from this only by talks with US and Soviet leaders later in the war.
Who was on trial at the nuremberg trials
This time, however, Germany was completely occupied and was unable to resist, so the trials went ahead. Origin[ edit ] There were, I suppose, three possible courses: to let the atrocities which had been committed go unpunished; to put the perpetrators to death or punish them by executive action; or to try them. Other subsequent trials dealt with German industrialists accused of using slave labor and plundering occupied countries; high-ranking army officers accused of atrocities against prisoners of war; and SS officers accused of violence against concentration-camp inmates. And it is the test of our sincere belief in justice under law never to allow it to be confused with what are merely our interest, our ingenuity, and our power. But the question is: Upon what theory may that action properly be taken? And there is nothing more foreign to those proceedings than either the presumption that the defendants are innocent until proved guilty or the doctrine that any adverse public comment on the defendants before the verdict is prejudicial to their receiving a fair trial. The other feature of the Nuremberg indictment is Count 1, charging a "conspiracy. Jan 15, - Moehle The submission on the individual responsibility of Doenitz was made by Co. Commander Whitney Harris of the American Delegation. Thus in Articles 46 and 47 of the Hague Convention of the United States and many other countries accepted the rules that in an occupied territory of a hostile state "family honour and rights, the lives of persons, and private property, as well as religious conviction and practice, must be respected. If that were the only basis for the trial and punishment of those who murdered or tortured German citizens, it would be a basis that would not satisfy most lawyers.
Submit a letter to the editor or write to letters theatlantic. The Nuremberg War Trial has a strong claim to be considered the most significant as well as the most debatable event since the conclusion of hostilities.
Without going into details, it may be said that superior orders have never been recognized as a complete defense by German, Russian, or French law, and that they have not been so recognized by civilian courts in the United States or the British Commonwealth of Nations, but they tend to be taken as a complete excuse by Anglo-American military manuals.
The Nuremberg trials also influenced the Genocide Conventionthe Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Geneva conventions on the laws of warall signed shortly after the war. The reason for the change was that growing differences among the four Allied powers had made other joint trials impossible.
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