An introduction to the history of the renaissance
The Renaissance: Was it a Thing? Scientific discoveries led to major shifts in thinking: Galileo and Descartes presented a new view of astrology and mathematics, while Copernicus proposed that the Sun, not the Earth, was the center of the solar system. Beginnings Various theories have been proposed to account for the origins and characteristics of the Renaissance, focusing on a variety of factors, including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time; its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks. Earlier constituents of the group, which had evidently existed long before the time of Urso, had influenced Adelard of Bath and, to an even greater extent, the Chartrian, William of Conches. Merchants brought with them ideas from far corners of the globe, particularly the Levant. Venice was Europe's gateway to trade with the East, and a producer of fine glass , while Florence was a capital of textiles. Provided by: Boundless. Cultural, Political, and Intellectual Influences As a cultural movement, the Renaissance encompassed the innovative flowering of Latin and vernacular literatures, beginning with the 14th-century resurgence of learning based on classical sources, which contemporaries credited to Petrarch; the development of linear perspective and other techniques of rendering a more natural reality in painting; and gradual but widespread educational reform. Key Terms Medici: The last name of a powerful and influential aristocratic Florentine family from the 13th to the 17th century. The survivors of the plague found not only that the prices of food were cheaper but also that lands were more abundant, and many of them inherited property from their dead relatives. Skinner reports that there were many defences of liberty such as the Matteo Palmieri — celebration of Florentine genius not only in art, sculpture and architecture, but "the remarkable efflorescence of moral, social and political philosophy that occurred in Florence at the same time".
Spanish, French and German invaders battling for Italian territories caused disruption and instability in the region. Furthermore, inthe Council of Trent established the Roman Inquisitionwhich made humanism and any views that challenged the Catholic church an act of heresy punishable by death.
Ancient Greek works on science, maths and philosophy had been studied since the High Middle Ages in Western Europe and in the medieval Islamic world normally in translation , but Greek literary, oratorical and historical works such as Homer, the Greek dramatists, Demosthenes and Thucydides were not studied in either the Latin or medieval Islamic worlds; in the Middle Ages these sorts of texts were only studied by Byzantine scholars. Many argue that the ideas characterizing the Renaissance had their origin in late 13th-century Florence, in particular in the writings of Dante Alighieri — and Petrarch — , as well as the paintings of Giotto di Bondone — In politics, the Renaissance contributed the development of the conventions of diplomacy, and in science an increased reliance on observation. The Renaissance encompassed the flowering of Latin languages, a change in artistic style, and gradual, widespread educational reform. Arab logicians had inherited Greek ideas after they had invaded and conquered Egypt and the Levant. Artists strived to depict people and objects in a true-to-life way. Beginning in Italy, and spreading to the rest of Europe by the 16th century, its influence was felt in literature, philosophy, art, music, politics, science, religion, and other aspects of intellectual inquiry. This new engagement with Greek Christian works, and particularly the return to the original Greek of the New Testament promoted by humanists Lorenzo Valla and Erasmus , would help pave the way for the Protestant Reformation. Please improve the article or discuss the issue.
Beginnings Various theories have been proposed to account for the origins and characteristics of the Renaissance, focusing on a variety of factors, including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time; its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.
Many argue that the ideas characterizing the Renaissance had their origin in late 13th-century Florence, in particular in the writings of Dante Alighieri — and Petrarch —as well as the paintings of Giotto di Bondone — Yet it remains much debated why the Renaissance began in Italy, and why it began when it did.
Most notably the Toledo School of Translators.
Introduction to renaissance wikipedia
Emotion was another quality that artists tried to infuse into their pieces. This work of translation from Islamic culture, though largely unplanned and disorganized, constituted one of the greatest transmissions of ideas in history. The Renaissance: Was it a Thing? The development of conventions of diplomacy and an increased reliance on observation in science were also markers of the Renaissance. End of the Renaissance Scholars believe the demise of the Renaissance was the result of several compounding factors. Holding both Church and Empire at bay, these city republics were devoted to notions of liberty. Italy did not exist as a political entity in the early modern period. In fact, it was a unique time when these fields of study fused together seamlessly. Learning Objectives Describe the influences of the Renaissance and historical perspectives by modern-day writers Key Takeaways Key Points There is a consensus that the Renaissance began in Florence, Italy, in the 14th century, most likely due to the political structure and the civil and social nature of the city.
Their translations and commentaries on these ideas worked their way through the Arab West into Iberia and Sicilywhich became important centers for this transmission of ideas. From the 11th to the 13th century, many schools dedicated to the translation of philosophical and scientific works from Classical Arabic to Medieval Latin were established in Iberia.
As a result, a new form of Christianityknown as Protestantism, was created.
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