The Manila Declaration on World Tourism of recognized its importance as "an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational, and economic sectors of national societies, and on their international relations.
The main causes are the construction of tourist facilities such as hotel complexes, theme parks and marinas and the concentration of tourists in the same place. Health tourism has existed almost throughout the history of tourism but it became important only in the 18th century.
The ecosystems most threatened with degradation are ecologically fragile areas such as alpine regions, rain forests, wetlands, mangroves, coral reefs and sea grass beds.
It would take decades before a coast-to-coast highway was created, with the Trans-Canada Highway officially opening in Revelstoke in It causes destruction of fragile habitats such as coral reefs and mangroves, increases pressure on a variety of species, and introduces serious pollution problems through the production of sewage and solid waste in course of time.
Maybe many of the people are used to think that big tour operators and large travel consortiums have a responsibility to preserve that local cultural heritage and environment.
Figure 1. BC Stats: Industry Classification. Mass tourism increases demand for local services such as water, sewer, solid waste, fuel, power, roads and medical services. A lot of resorts on the island have their own house reef. Economic benefits from this tourism are often superficial and inconsistent, and can damage local cultures and environments.
When indigenous inhabitants or remote rural communities are denied access to their livelihood with no alternatives available to replace the income lost by the local people who traditionally depended on harvesting forest products, they would attempt to acquire natural resources via unlawful means.
What percentage of this money was collected in Europe?