Ethnic and racial group overview
The Mismeasure of Man. Mortality rates among these groups do not follow socioeconomic rankings.
Ethnic and racial group overview
In many cases, though, selecting on health status may be too late to do much good. This theory sees ethnic groups as natural, not just as historical. For example, most published tabulations of data on race report for the umbrella category of Asian and Pacific Islander, not each of the nine ethnic groups. New England Journal of Medicine ; 12 Furthermore, the population born in India still includes many older people who identify their ethnic group as white, whose families were in business or diplomatic service. Why racial and ethnic differences in health exist is obviously a central issue for further research. Prior to that, only Indians who paid taxes were enumerated, but they were not distinguished racially from the rest of the population. In contrast, blacks report lower levels of depression than whites.
In America today, gender, ethnicity, and race often have the most far ranging impacts on us as individuals. Secondly, this belief in shared Gemeinschaft did not create the group; the group created the belief.
As a result, the racial gap in either income alone or health alone understates the racial gap in well-being Deaton, African American Senagalese For many people, ethnic categorization implies a connection between biological inheritance and culture. Besides differences in broad disease categories, racial and ethnic differences exist in specific diseases. If this were true, for instance, African American cultural traits, such as "black English", would stem from genetic inheritance. References 1 Bhopal R. Lawrence Bobo and Vincent Hutchings propose that competition is driven by self-interest and hostility, and results in inevitable stratification and conflict. The Census included American Indians as a separate racial group. Racial formation theory looks at the social, economic and political forces that result in socially-constructed racial identity. If, for instance, the reasons for the Asian advantage in mortality and the more limited Hispanic advantage could be understood, that might provide hints about how to improve population health generally. Race, Ancestry, and Medicine. The importance of race and ethnic background in biomedical research and clinical practice. One problematic contrast is the consistently poorer self-reported health among Hispanics than would appear warranted by mortality levels. Some other criteria include: "religion, language, 'customs,' nationality, and political identification". An interesting discrimination among different races and ethnicities is present in the criminal justice system.
Comparisons among groups, extending beyond the five major groups, might be useful in suggesting what aspects or consequences of racial and ethnic identity are really critical for health and disease and what additional dimensions should be measured.
Some sociologists, such as Lawrence Bobo and Vincent Hutchings, say the origin of ethnic stratification lies in individual dispositions of ethnic prejudice, which relates to the theory of ethnocentrism.
Racial and ethnic categories are the ones used by the federal government. Some other criteria include: "religion, language, 'customs,' nationality, and political identification". A minority consists of a group that makes up less than half the total population and is treated differently because of some characteristic.
The need for health care is best identified by health status, not by membership in a socioeconomic or racial or ethnic group.
based on 56 review