The impact of malnutrition in nigeria

burden of malnutrition in nigeria

Additionally, farmers sometimes use dangerous chemicals to store their produce, leaving residues that are unacceptable to large buyers trying to meet national or international food safety standards. Unfortunately, the ADP system in all four states is under-resourced, inefficient, and unable to serve its intended purpose.

Just 18 percent of children aged months are fed the minimum acceptable diet.

The impact of malnutrition in nigeria

Agricultural Research Agricultural research institutions and universities are present in all the states, yet nutrition and nutrition-sensitive agriculture are not research priorities and the research-extension-farmer linkage is weak. The lack of resources severely constrains the ADP from providing timely information to farmers on prices, climate shocks, and best practices. State governments have also struggled to provide a business-enabling environment and, as a result, very few successful agribusiness companies or other private sector players influence the types and quality of food available in the markets. These factors put together, bring about a silent yet very stinging effect on the country's economic front. One of such effort is evident in the sustainable development goals SDGs Goal 2 of the SDGs aim to address malnutrition through action plans geared towards ending hunger, achieving food security, improving nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture. Public programs like the ADP and publicly-funded research institutions can help improve nutrition by influencing behaviors and changing environments. Child malnutrition impacts on education attainment. Suggested remedial programmes include increased support for the rural farmers, strengthening of the rural credit schemes that are specifically targeted at the poor, distribution of vitamin A and iron supplements in rural health centres, encouraging production of low cost weaning diets and integrating nutrition education in primary health care schemes and in educational curricula.

Many households resort to coping mechanisms, such as limiting meal quantities and frequency, further limiting their already scarce dietary intake.

The mental impairment caused by iodine deficiency is permanent and directly linked to productivity loss. PIP: In Nigeria, the beginning of the structural adjustment program SAP in marked the beginning of a considerable decrease in real income and an unparalleled increase in food prices.

They do not reach their optimum size as adults and so may have less physical capacity for worktheir brains are affected resulting in lower IQs and they are at greater risk of infection which kills many children during their early years.

Stunting in nigeria

In addition, farmers lack the organization skills, connections, or knowledge to access these buyers. Experts say until the country collectively tackled the scourge, it may not become the developed nation it hoped to be in the nearest future. In , 57 percent of disposable income went toward food consumed at home. Each state has different preferred food groups: in Kebbi, households consume cereals and grains year-round, while households in Benue and Cross River favor tubers yam and cassava. One of such effort is evident in the sustainable development goals SDGs Goal 2 of the SDGs aim to address malnutrition through action plans geared towards ending hunger, achieving food security, improving nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture. Access to Output Markets In the four target states, accessing formal markets is a challenge because of the inability to meet quality standards. Market Seasonality and Food Availability Most farmer households obtain their foods from the same local markets that they supply and, because production is generally rainfed, food availability is seasonal. It says many African countries, including Nigeria were beginning to lose economic relevance as a result of present and past child malnutrition. Undernutrition in Nigeria: dimension, causes and remedies for alleviation in a changing socio-economic environment. Farmer households consume a portion of the crops they produce. Compounding these risks is a national reserve system that is inadequate for meeting national needs when shocks occur Ndukwu, Akani, and Simonyan Since then, the programme has grown significantly, to become one of the largest UNICEF-supported treatment programmes in the world. The reason can be attributed to several factors including the high poverty rate and the activities of the dreaded terrorist sect Boko Haram which has led to the destruction of lives, crops and properties.

Table 6. Seven percent of women of childbearing age also suffer from acute malnutrition. Therefore, it was imperative for the UNGA to have adopted a resolution proclaiming the UN Decade of Action on nutrition from to to ensure more sustainable diets.

The Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey ,shows that about children under the age of 5 die every hour due to malnutrition. The ADPs provide services to increase productivity and incomes, which could mean an increased accessibility of nutritious foods.

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Assessing Drivers of Malnutrition in Nigeria